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Version: 7.x

Getting Started

In this tutorial we will cover:

  • Setting up a new host with the provision recipe.
  • Configuring a deployment and perfoming our first deploy.

First, install Deployer:

Now lets cd into the project and run the following command:

dep init

Deployer will ask you a few questions, and after finishing you will have a deploy.php or deploy.yaml file. This is our deployment recipe. It contains hosts, tasks and requires other recipes. All framework recipes that come with Deployer are based on the common recipe.



If you already have a configured webserver you may skip to deployment.

Let's create a new VPS on Linode, DigitalOcean, Vultr, AWS, GCP, etc.

Make sure the image is Ubuntu 20.04 LTS as this version is supported by Deployer's provision recipe.


Configure a DNS record for your domain that points to the IP address of your server. This will allow you to ssh into the server using your domain name instead of the IP address.

Our deploy.php recipe contains a host definition with a few important params:

  • remote_user the user name for the ssh connection,
  • deploy_path the file path on the host where we are going to deploy.

Let's set remote_user to be deployer. Right now our new server probably only has the root user. The provision recipe will create and configure a deployer user for us.

->set('remote_user', 'deployer')
->set('deploy_path', '~/example');

To connect to the remote host we need to specify an identity key or private key. We can add our identity key directly into the host definition, but it's better to put it in the ~/.ssh/config file:

Host *
IdentityFile ~/.ssh/id_rsa

Now let's provision our server. As our host doesn't have a user deployer, we are going to override remote_user for provisioning via -o remote_user=root.

dep provision -o remote_user=root

If your server doesn't have a root user but your remote user can use sudo to become root, then use:

dep provision -o become=root

Deployer will ask you a few questions during provisioning: php version, database type, etc. Next, Deployer will configure our server and create the deployer user. Provisioning takes around 5 minutes and will install everything we need to run a website. A new website will be configured at deploy_path.

After we have configured the webserver, let's deploy the project.


To deploy the project:

dep deploy

If deploy failed, Deployer will print an error message and which command was unsuccessful. Most likely we need to configure the correct database credentials in the .env file or similar.

Ssh to the host, for example, for editing the .env file:

dep ssh

If your webserver is using an OpenSSH version older than v7.6, updating the code may fail with the error message unsupported option "accept-new". In this case, override the Git SSH command with:

set('git_ssh_command', 'ssh');

After everything is configured properly we can resume our deployment from the place it stopped. However, this is not required; we can just start a new deploy:

dep deploy --start-from deploy:migrate

After our first successful deployment, we can find the following directory structure on our server:

~/example                      // The deploy_path.
|- current -> releases/1 // Symlink to the current release.
|- releases // Dir for all releases.
|- 1 // Actual files location.
|- ...
|- .env -> shared/.env // Symlink to shared .env file.
|- shared // Dirs for shared files between releases.
|- ...
|- .env // Example: shared .env file.
|- .dep // Deployer configuration files.

Configure you webserver to serve the current directory. For example, for nginx:

root /home/deployer/example/current/public;
index index.php;
location / {
try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$query_string;

If you're using the provision recipe, Deployer will automatically configure the Caddy webserver to serve from the public_path.

Now let's add a build step on our host:

task('build', function () {
run('npm install');
run('npm run prod');

after('deploy:update_code', 'build');

Deployer has a useful task for examining what is currently deployed.

$ dep releases
task releases
+---------------------+--------- -------+--------+-----------+
| Date (UTC) | Release | Author | Target | Commit |
| 2021-11-05 14:00:22 | 1 (current) | Anton Medvedev | HEAD | 943ded2be |

During development, the dep push task maybe useful to create a patch of local changes and push them to the host.